JSHS - Program fact sheet and guidelines for students
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National Symposium - Requirements for the oral presentations
Session timing and
- The research presentation
may not exceed 12 minutes, followed by a maximum 6-minute question period.
A session moderator will aid the student speaker in maintaining this
schedule and in fielding questions from the audience. The procedure
for maintaining the time includes a 10-minute signal for the student,
and finally a 12-minute signal. At the 12-minute point, the student
speaker must stop the presentation even if he or she has not finished.
- Set-up time for
the presentation is a maximum of 2 minutes. This set-up time is not
included in the above presentation time.
- Following the
presentation, the session moderator will ask for audience questions.
- The speaker may
entertain questions while the exchange appears interesting and relevant.
Questions intended to harass the student speakers will not be allowed
by the session moderator.
- The speaker should
repeat a question before answering so the audience may understand the
Use of Audio Visuals
- Available equipment. Available audio-visual equipment in each session
at National includes:
- overhead projector;
- LCD projector;
- projection screen;
- laser pointer.
Slide projectors will be provided on a request basis. Additionally, PC-based computers,
with a CD-Rom and floppy drive, will be in each session room configured
with Microsoft 2000 Powerpoint and Adobe Acrobat. The use of Macintosh
computers or use of other software requires students to bring their own
Equipment operators will not be available in each session. Students
may enlist the help of a teacher or fellow student, especially when using
overhead projectors. Students should number visuals in sequence so an
assisting operator or the presenter can easily reshow one. Many times,
visuals are reshown during the questioning period.
Aids to the presentation.
No written handouts are permitted. Research apparatus may be used if it
is integral to the presentation and only if the apparatus is hand-held.
as Powerpoint may be used to prepare or drive slides or overheads. If
using LCD projectors and computers, student presenters must:
- Review Guidelines
for Preparing Powerpoint Presentations (http://www.jshs.org, Guidelines
- Go to the speaker
ready room to rehearse and test equipment for formal presentation. The
location and schedule for rehearsals will be announced at the National
- Convert illustrations
and other graphical representations into Powerpoint 2000 slides or 2x2
slides for presentation during the symposium.
- Save the Powerpoint
presentation to an IBM-compatible CD, and use the CD on available PC-based
computer and LCD systems.
- Prepare for any
equipment problems by bringing back-up overheads or slides.
- Start computer
equipment that may be brought to the symposium prior to the designated
presentation time. No additional presentation time will be allowed to
cue up a presentation.
who use video in their presentation must comply with the following groundrules:
- Only VHS, ½"
tape, format is permitted.
- The video component
cannot make up more than two (2) minutes of the presentation.
- No audio or background
music is permitted other than sounds that are an integral part of the
research. Recorded or mechanically produced narration is not permitted.
Narration must come from the speaker.
- Videos (and audio,
if any) may be used only for those aspects of the presentation that
cannot adequately be presented by slides or overheads.
- Video material
presented must be an integral part of the research and should not be
a substitute for presentation of data.
- Videos must not
be used for presentation of common procedures, illustrating equipment
or showing laboratory facilities.
- Videos should
illustrate work that was done and should not be used for stimulation
or aesthetic value.
The National Symposium - Suggestions to prepare for the oral presentations
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- Remember, you
are the expert. No one in the audience knows as much about your research
investigation as you. Therefore, remember to explain your research in
enough detail so the audience will understand what you did, how you
did it, and what you learned.
- Whenever possible,
avoid jargon or unnecessary terminology. If it is essential to use specialized
terms, remember to explain the specialized term briefly. Give your audience
enough time to understand what you are trying to convey.
- Graphs, tables
and other representation help explain your results. Keep them simple
and uncluttered. Focus on important information; for example, remember
to name the variables on both axes of a graph, and state the significance
of the position and shape of the graph line.
- Deliver your presentation
at a comfortable pace.
- It helps to practice
your presentation before a non-specialized audience. Practice will help
perfect the presentation and the timing. Do listen to the advice of
your non-specialized audience but also get help from a teacher or other
advisors as needed.